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Covid-19 pandemic: Where are the global coronavirus hotspots?

Image copyright Getty Images Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than 32 million confirmed cases in 188 countries and a death toll fast approaching one million.The virus is surging in many regions and some countries that had apparent success in suppressing initial outbreaks are also seeing infections rise again. But the…

People wearing face masks on Fifth Avenue in New York

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Coronavirus is continuing its spread across the world, with more than 32 million confirmed cases in 188 countries and a death toll fast approaching one million.

The virus is surging in many regions and some countries that had apparent success in suppressing initial outbreaks are also seeing infections rise again.

But the number of confirmed cases during the spring peak is likely to be an underestimate of the true level of infection, as widespread testing was not available in many countries earlier in the year.

Confirmed cases around the world


Group 4

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Circles show number of confirmed coronavirus cases per country.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies

Figures last updated

28 September 2020, 08:41 BST

Note: The map, table and animated bar chart in this page use a different source for figures for France and the UK from that used by Johns Hopkins University, which results in a slightly lower overall total. US figures do not include Puerto Rico, Guam or the US Virgin Islands.

Where are cases and deaths rising?

As the global death toll nears one million, the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned it could hit two million before an effective vaccine is widely used.

A number of regions have seen new coronavirus cases rise over the last few months, with India driving numbers in Asia.

The official number of confirmed infections in India has reached six million, the second-highest in the world after the US.

The virus appears to be spreading much faster in India than elsewhere, with the country recording about 90,000 cases a day earlier in September.

The rise in infections comes as the government continues to lift restrictions to try to boost an economy, but the surge is also a reflection of increased testing.

India has maintained a relatively low death rate, however, given the size of its population.

In Latin America, Brazil has the highest number of deaths, with more than 140,000 so far. It has also recorded more than 4.7 million cases, the third highest in the world.

Newly confirmed cases in the region are also rising quickly in Argentina, which now has more than 700,000 infections.

In the Middle East, Iran has been badly affected by the virus, and in the past week has confirmed its highest number of new cases since early June.

Neighbouring Iraq has seen a steady rise in cases.

Cases are also continuing to rise in Indonesia and the country has recorded more than 10,000 deaths – the highest number in South East Asia.

Africa has recorded more than 1.4 million confirmed cases, although the true extent of the pandemic in the continent is not known.

Testing rates are reported to be low, which could distort official estimates. South Africa and Egypt have seen the largest recorded outbreaks so far on the continent.

Coronavirus cases rising again in Europe

Several European countries are recording a rising number of daily cases amid fears of a resurgence of the virus.

A number of European countries have re-imposed lockdowns and other restrictions in their worst-affected regions, and there have been fresh appeals for people to wear face coverings and follow social distancing rules.

The pattern of rising infections following the loosening of lockdown restrictions is not limited to Europe, though.

Israel has imposed a new national lockdown after recording a record number of daily cases in recent days.

Other countries that have seen a resurgence of the virus include Russia, Peru, South Korea, Canada and Australia – although following the reintroduction of tougher restrictions some of these are now seeing cases fall again.

In the table below, countries can be reordered by deaths, death rate and total cases. In the coloured bars on the right-hand side, countries in which cases have risen to more than 5,000 per day are those with black bars on the relevant date.

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This information is regularly updated but may not reflect the latest totals for each country.

** The past data for new cases is a three day rolling average. Due to revisions in the number of cases, an average cannot be calculated for this date.

Source: Johns Hopkins University, national public health agencies and UN population data

Figures last updated: 28 September 2020, 08:41 BST

US cases slow after second surge

The US has recorded more than seven million cases of coronavirus, more than a fifth of the world’s total. Following a second rise in cases in July, numbers fell back in August, but appear to be on the rise again now.

With more than 200,000 deaths, the US also has the world’s highest death toll.

A projection from the University of Washington suggests there could be about 370,000 deaths by the end of the year, though it says this could be reduced to about 273,000 if 95% of Americans wear masks in public.

The outbreak has had a devastating impact on the US economy, with GDP falling by a record rate of 33% in the three months from April to June.

How did coronavirus spread?

The virus, which causes the respiratory infection Covid-19, was first detected in the city of Wuhan, China, in late 2019.

The outbreak spread quickly across the globe in the first months of 2020 and declared a global pandemic by the WHO on 11 March.

A pandemic is when an infectious disease is passing easily from person to person in many parts of the world at the same time.

Europe and North America saw their first major outbreaks in April but as they began to ease, Latin America and Asia started seeing cases spike.

Governments across the world have been forced to limit public movement and close businesses and venues in a bid to slow the spread of the virus. This has had a devastating impact on the global economy.

Damage to the world’s major economies is four times worse than the 2009 global financial crisis, according to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD).

Meanwhile, the United Nations has said that up to 265 million people could face starvation by the end of the year because of the impact of Covid-19.

About this data

The data used on this page comes from a variety of sources. It includes figures collated by Johns Hopkins University, data from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control, national governments and health agencies, as well as UN data on populations.

When comparing figures from different countries it is important to bear in mind that not all governments are recording coronavirus cases and deaths in the same way. This makes like for like comparisons between countries difficult.

Other factors to consider include: different population sizes, the size of a country’s elderly population or whether a particular country has a large amount of its people living in densely-populated areas. In addition, countries may be in different stages of the pandemic.

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Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person. The virus that causes COVID-19 is a novel coronavirus.