This action guide is developed to help evaluators, program implementers, and policy makers monitor and evaluate wearing masks as a community mitigation strategy. This is not meant for healthcare settings. This guide provides practical considerations and examples of evaluation questions, indicators, and data sources.
Governments, organizations, and individuals support and promote community mitigation across settings and sectors with special attention to disproportionately affected populations[Illustration Approach for the Monitoring and Evaluation of Wearing Masks decision tree flow chart first box on top; text]
Implement wearing masks as a community mitigation strategy that prevents spread of COVID-19, and maintain healthy environments and operations[Illustration of arrows the go in circular motion; text]
Strengthen, focus, or relax mitigation strategies based on local context[Illustration of arrow on right that goes to box; text]
Reduce exposure among individuals[Illustration of arrow pointing down that goes to box; text]
Reduce transmission[Illustration of arrow pointing down and to right that goes to box; text]
Reduce burden to the health care system
Minimize COVID-19 morbidity & associated mortality[Illustration of arrow pointing down that goes to box; text]
Thrive socially, emotionally, and economically[Illustration of box; text]
- Assure individual and community ability to adopt and sustain wearing masks
- Mitigate adverse effects and impacts on health disparities and social determinants of health
- Foster mental and emotional health and resilience
- Minimize negative physical, mental, and emotional challenges related to wearing masks
Wearing masks can help communities slow the spread of COVID-19 when worn consistently and correctly by a majority of people in public settings and when masks are used along with other preventive measures, including social distancing, frequent handwashing, and cleaning and disinfecting.
Please see CDC’s Considerations for Wearing Masks for information about how wearing masks can help reduce spread of COVID-19, for whom wearing a mask is or is not recommended, and considerations regarding implementation of mask-wearing as a COVID-19 community mitigation strategy.
Monitoring and evaluation enable stakeholders to examine their unique circumstances and make proactive decisions about what is best for their needs and context.
To evaluate mask wearing as a community mitigation strategy, consider performing the following activities: