Image copyright Getty Images Image caption Russia’s president spoke of a “very difficult demographic period” President Vladimir Putin has announced a series of plans to increase the number of children being born in Russia from an average birth rate of under 1.5 per woman to 1.7 within four years.Last year he promised tax breaks for…

Russian child plays in park with his mother in Moscow (9 January)

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Russia’s president spoke of a “very intelligent demographic length”

President Vladimir Putin has announced a chain of plans to broaden the collection of formative years being born in Russia from a median birth price of below 1.5 per girl to 1.7 internal four years.

Final year he promised tax breaks for better families.

On Wednesday he knowledgeable parliament “the birth price is falling all over again” before pledging yelp funding for sleek mothers.

“Maternity capital” has until now easiest been paid to families with now not now not as a lot as two formative years.

Welfare advantages will also be paid for formative years inclined three to seven in low-earnings families, and free school meals will seemingly be supplied for the key four years of college.

Why birth price is a jam past Russia

Several Eastern European states are combating a declining birth price.

Highest final week, Hungary’s intellectual-waft nationalist Top Minister, Viktor Orban, announced plans totally free fertility treatment to couples as effectively as imaginable earnings tax exemptions for mothers with three or more formative years.

Moms with four formative years maintain already obtained some tax breaks in Russia, a country that has a birth price of 1.48. The EU common is 1.59 births per girl and a lot of different states including Spain, Italy, Greece and Malta are effectively beneath the Russian figure.

Russia’s inhabitants has struggled to get better from a dramatic decline in the 1990s, to the level that Mr Putin talked about by 1999 the birth price had fallen to 1.16, lower even than all the blueprint through World Warfare Two.

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Media captionTraditional Russians maintain taken to attention-grabbing straight to Putin to resolve their problems

It has picked up in recent times and, though the inhabitants is currently 147 million, the Russian leader spoke of a “very intelligent demographic length” all over which the formative years of the 1990s had been now themselves giving birth.

“Russia’s fate and its ancient outlook depends on how many of us there are,” he talked about.

What else did Putin convey?

This used to be Mr Putin’s 16th annual address to Russia’s parliament, the Duma, and Mr Putin feeble his speech to also deal with his acquire future.

His fourth presidential term comes to an raze in 2024, and below the constitution he would must face down from the put up.

Whereas announcing he desired to defend Russia’s presidential blueprint, Mr Putin proposed a referendum on changing the constitution to give parliament better powers to nominate the prime minister.

Between his 2nd and third phrases, Mr Putin served for four years as prime minister before returning to the presidency in 2012, and in conception he would maybe well change into prime minister all over again.

Even when he used to be prime minister, Mr Putin used to be extensively viewed as the strength in the support of then President Dmitry Medvedev.

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